Haemorrhoids are the type of condition that can affect anyone. It is seen to be prevalent in people who are older but it also affects younger people. The condition is usually not serious and goes away on its own within days or a few weeks. But if left untreated, it gets severe and can result in a number of issues. Bleeding, discomfort while sitting, pain and irritation are some of the most common things that can come with severe haemorrhoid condition. The haemorrhoid tissue cannot be since when it is not enlarged. Only once it enlarges or inflamed, or it develops a clot, it becomes visible or can be felt. The internal haemorrhoids can only be felt once it prolapses as it is located inside the anus. The non-thrombosed haemorrhoids are like lumps which are rubbery. Here are the common causes of Haemorrhoids & Piles.
- It can run in the family
Haemorrhoid is a condition that can run in the family. If there is a history of ancestors being affected by the condition for a few generations now, it is possible for you to be at the risk of contracting the condition.
- Standing or sitting for a long time
It is said that standing or sitting for a long time without any break continuously on a daily basis can also result in the development of haemorrhoids.
- Diarrhoea or constipation
Diarrhoea or constipation that happens now and then can also result in the development of the condition. Constant lifting, obesity, or being overweight and straining the body constantly would be a risk factor associated with haemorrhoids. Having anal sex can be another reason for haemorrhoids to develop. Pregnancy is another factor that can lead to the development of haemorrhoids.
Some complications may occur as a result of haemorrhoids. Haemorrhoids if not treated can result in cases of strangulated haemorrhoid.This leads to the cut of off blood supply to internal haemorrhoids resulting in severe pain or the death of the tissue. In case of anaemia haemorrhoids can cause blood loss. When this happens for a long period of time, it can result in anaemia.
Physical examination can usually result in the diagnosis of haemorrhoids. For internal haemorrhoids, the doctor will have to conduct a digital rectal examination (DRE). Proctoscope is another method to diagnose internal haemorrhoid. It is the use of a light fitted hollow tube to examine the interior of the anus.
The doctor might as a few questions related to the medical history of your family, the colour of stools, weight loss recently, bleed or mucus in the stool, change in the bowel movement.
In most of the cases, haemorrhoids cure on its own. The first thing that a doctor would ask you to do would be to change the diet and make few lifestyle changes. Reduction of body weight and adding more fibre in the food helps improve bowel movement.
In case the condition is severe, over the counter ointments, pads or medication can be taken to get some relief. Surgical methods can be used to get rid of haemorrhoids when the condition is extremely severe and cannot be treated by the use of medication.